Status of Indonesia's sovereign rights in the north natuna sea conflict area consequences of China's nine-dash line claim


  • Inggrit Fernandes Doctoral Student of Law Science Doctoral Program, University of Andalas, Indonesia
  • Zainul Daulay University of Andalas, Indonesia
  • Ferdi University of Andalas, Indonesia
  • Delfiyanti University of Andalas, Indonesia


archipelagic country, conflict area, nine-dash line, north natuna sea, sovereign rights


The existence of sovereign rights in the North Natuna Sea has begun to be disturbed since China's claim of traditional fishing rights was strengthened by the nine-dash line claim. This claim includes the North Natuna Sea area into China's territorial sea, which makes this area a conflict area. The problem in this research is the existence of traditional fishing ground rights in UNCLOS III 1982 and the impact of the nine-dash line claim on Indonesia's sovereign rights in the conflict area of ??the North Natuna Sea. This study uses a normative legal research method with a statutory and conceptual approach. The results of the study explained that the 1982 UNCLOS III did not regulate traditional fishing ground, and the impact of the nine-dash line claim is very significant, as can be seen from the activities of Chinese fishers in the North Natuna Sea, which are supported by Chinese coast guard vessels, which have disrupted Indonesia's enjoyment of its sovereign rights. Thus, it can be concluded that the traditional fishing ground rights with the nine-dash line claim are not based on international law but are only based on China's unilateral claims and create conflicts that impact Indonesia.


Download data is not yet available.


Adi, R. (2021). Metodologi penelitian sosial dan hukum. Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Adyasari, D., Pratama, M. A., Teguh, N. A., Sabdaningsih, A., Kusumaningtyas, M. A., & Dimova, N. (2021). Anthropogenic impact on Indonesian coastal water and ecosystems: Current status and future opportunities. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 171, 112689.

Allen, J. (2012). Technology for the Mobile Lawyer in All of Us. GPSolo, 29, 4.

Amin, C., Mulyati, H., Anggraini, E., & Kusumastanto, T. (2021). Impact of maritime logistics on archipelagic economic development in eastern Indonesia. The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, 37(2), 157-164.

Archer, J. H., & Jarman, M. C. (1992). Sovereign rights and responsibilities: Applying public trust principles to the management of EEZ space and resources. Ocean & coastal management, 17(3-4), 253-271.

Benuf, K., & Azhar, M. (2020). Metodologi Penelitian Hukum sebagai Instrumen Mengurai Permasalahan Hukum Kontemporer. Gema Keadilan, 7(1), 20-33.

Chairijah. (2015). Laporan Akhir Penelitian Tentang Aspek Hukum Pemanfaatan Zona Ekonomi Eksklusif Dalam Rangka Peningkatan Pendapatan Nelayan Indonesia.

Fausiah, F., Turnip, S. S., & Hauff, E. (2019). Community violence exposure and determinants of adolescent mental health: A school-based study of a post-conflict area in Indonesia. Asian journal of psychiatry, 40, 49-54.

Gao, Z., & Jia, B. B. (2013). The nine-dash line in the South China Sea: History, status, and implications. American Journal of International Law, 107(1), 98-123.

Ginaya, G., Kanca, I. N., & Sri Astuti, N. N. (2020). Designing problem-based learning (PBL) model for tourism vocational education in 4.o industry. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 6(1), 14-23.

Ilahude, A. G. (1990). On the hydrology and productivity of the northern Arafura Sea. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 25(4), 573-583.

Kurnia, I. (2018). Aspek nasional dan internasional pemanfaatan surplus perikanan di Zona Ekonomi Eksklusif Indonesia. Sinar Grafika.

Kusuma-Atmadja, M. (1991). Sovereign rights over Indonesian natural resources: An archipelagic concept of rational and sustainable resource management. Marine Policy, 15(6), 383-412.

Linos, K., & Carlson, M. (2017). Qualitative methods for law review writing. U. Chi. L. Rev., 84, 213.

Loy, N. et al, (2019). Mengamankan Laut Tata Ruang dan Keamanan Maritim (Menata Keamanan Maritim Untuk Menegakkan Kedaulatan Maritim Indonesia). PT. Alex Media Komputindo, Jakarta.

Lü, C., Wu, S., Yao, Y., & Fulthorpe, C. S. (2013). Development and controlling factors of Miocene carbonate platform in the Nam Con Son Basin, southwestern South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 45, 55-68.

Muhdlor, A. Z. (2012). Perkembangan Metodologi Penelitian Hukum. Jurnal Hukum dan Peradilan, 1(2), 189-206.

Muslimah, F., & Adi, D. P. (2020). Analisis Konflik Kepulauan Natuna Pasa Tahun 2016-2019. Jurnal Al-Ahkam: Jurnal Hukum Pidana Islam, 2(2), 87-96.

Nova, S. A. R., Isra, S., Ferdi, F., & Husin, S. (2021). Juridical analysis of the regulation of fishery resources in the Indonesian exclusive economic zone. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S4), 2381-2389.

Pop, V. (2000). Appropriation in outer space: the relationship between land ownership and sovereignty on the celestial bodies. Space Policy, 16(4), 275-282.

Putranti, I. R. (2018). Pelanggaran Terhadap Hak Berdaulat Indonesia: Studi Kasus Tiongkok di Laut Natuna Utara. Journal of International Relations, 4(4), 868-877.

Rinartha, K., & Suryasa, W. (2017). Comparative study for better result on query suggestion of article searching with MySQL pattern matching and Jaccard similarity. In 2017 5th International Conference on Cyber and IT Service Management (CITSM) (pp. 1-4). IEEE.

Soekanto, S. (2007). Penelitian hukum normatif: Suatu tinjauan singkat.

Wangke, H. (2020). Implications of United States-China Trade War to Indonesia. International Journal of Business and Economics Research, 9(3), 151.

Xiaofeng, R., & Xizhong, S. C. C. (2005). A Chinese perspective. Marine Policy, 29(2), 139-146.

Zou, L., Liu, Y., Wang, J., & Yang, Y. (2021). An analysis of land use conflict potentials based on ecological-production-living function in the southeast coastal area of China. Ecological Indicators, 122, 107297.



How to Cite

Fernandes, I., Daulay, Z., Ferdi, F., & Delfiyanti, D. (2021). Status of Indonesia’s sovereign rights in the north natuna sea conflict area consequences of China’s nine-dash line claim. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S3), 1775-1783.



Research Articles