Linguistics and Culture Review 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Prof. Alexander V. Obskov (Editorial Contact) Open Journal Systems <p>Linguistics and Culture Review is published by&nbsp;American Linguist Association.</p> The use of ‘I-Do’ methodology in integrating moral characters into the development of ELT materials for transactional speaking skills 2021-11-08T14:33:47+00:00 Kaharuddin Kaharuddin Ismail Ismail <p>This study is aimed at improving the quality of teaching English at the university level by aligning the students’ needs and the expectations of the lecturers (a needs analysis) with moral values in developing moral character-based English language teaching materials. Development research method is used to carry out this research by employing the ‘I-DO’ methodology which contains three distinct phases namely; 1). The input phase which is passed by a needs analysis involving 60 participants (55 students and 10 lectures). The participants were purposively selected. Questionnaires were used to collect the data which were analyzed by using descriptive approach. 2). The development Phase which is passed by formulating goals and objectives based on the information gathered from the needs analysis. 3) The output phase which is completed by making lesson plans, and producing prototype of the moral value-based teaching materials. This research has built one prototype of a well-developed ELT material for transactional speaking skill. We believe that our findings on the use of ‘I-DO’ methodology could have a profound impact on the way ELT materials is developed in language program.</p> 2021-11-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review Legal terms in translation of regulation number 40 year 2007 regarding limited liability company in Indonesia 2021-11-12T04:23:46+00:00 Wayan Suryasa I Gede Nika Wirawan Steven L. Thoms Tom Bonviglio <p>This research focused on the language being used in Regulation Number 40 year 2007 regarding limited liability company in Indonesia and the data is taken from Regulation Number 40 year 2007 regarding limited liability company in Indonesia that is collected randomly so the technique that will be used in this research is the sampling technique, because the data was chosen randomly and the method that will be used to analyze the data is descriptive method because the data will be described descriptively. It will describe the reason why the translator use that kind of equivalence to translate Indonesian into the English language.</p> 2021-11-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review Impact of the industrial revolution 4.0 on Vietnamese cultural development 2021-11-19T03:54:23+00:00 Nguyen Minh Tri Nguyen Trung Dung <p>The material and the spiritual are two sides of social life. In the process of development, if the economy is considered as the material foundation of society, meeting material needs, then culture is the spiritual foundation of society, meeting the spiritual needs of people and society. It is not possible to develop stably and sustainably if only focusing on economic growth but neglecting or even sacrificing culture. The development of each country, economy and culture are interrelated, in which culture covers all aspects of social activities; not only govern influence, but also have the ability to regulate the development of society. Currently, the fourth industrial revolution has had a profound impact on all areas of socio-economic life in Vietnam, including culture. In order to take advantage of opportunities and minimize negative impacts, countries need to assess the impact of this revolution comprehensively, including the impact on culture, thereby reorienting development strategies, focusing on investing in science and technology, and at the same time having policies to preserve and promote national cultural values ??is one of the most important tasks of the current Vietnamese revolution.</p> 2021-11-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review Indonesian netizens expressions potentially satire with the COVID-19 pandemic on social media Facebook 2021-12-06T01:42:32+00:00 Muhsyanur Muhsyanur Zulfiah Larisu Henny Sanulita Devi Wahyu Ertanti Dwi Masdi Widada <p>Since the COVID-19 pandemic, a lot of information is more likely to be conveyed by netizens through social media, especially Facebook. The information in question sometimes contains potentially satirical expressions. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to describe the expressions of Indonesian netizens that have the potential to be satire that cannot be separated from the topic of the COVID-19 pandemic. This research is qualitative research with a descriptive presentation method. Research data is sourced from social media Facebook, while research data is in words, phrases, and or sentences in the form of exposed expressions. The research data collection technique applies digital exploration techniques, namely exploring and examining several statuses in expressions published on Facebook social media. The data that is considered relevant to the purpose of the research is then documented by taking a screen capture or screenshot. The data were analyzed by applying pragmasemantic techniques. The results showed that the expressions with the potential to be satirical were found with satire irony, sarcasm, innuendo, cynicism, and satire. The five types of satire are summarized as findings stated in the proposition, namely, potentially satire expressions or satire expressions.</p> 2021-12-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review Integration of language, psychology, and technology and the concept of independence learning in reading characters in indonesian children's films as media and learning materials in character building for elementary school students-indonesia 2021-12-09T10:08:10+00:00 Daniel Stefanus Imanuel Sondakh Azam Syukur Rahmatullah Adiyono Adiyono Muh. Zuhdy Hamzah Rika Riwayatiningsih Nanik Kholifah <p>The purpose of this research is to integrate psychology, technology, and language in reading the characters in Indonesian children's films as media and learning materials for character building for elementary school students in Indonesia. This research design uses mixed methods. The source of research data is sourced from elementary school students' learning activities in Indonesian subjects using Indonesian children's films as media and learning materials. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions. Respondents of this study were elementary school teachers as many as 98 teachers. Qualitative data were analyzed by interpreting techniques and presented in the form of descriptions, while quantitative data were analyzed by calculating the average student learning outcomes presented in the form of percentages. The findings of this study are twofold, namely, the findings of this study are twofold, namely by using Indonesian children's films as a medium as well as a source of learning and learning materials can shape students' character and improve student achievement.</p> 2021-12-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review The development of government support for compliance managers training in Russian Federation 2021-12-07T16:30:47+00:00 Alexander Sergeevich Kazakov Natalia Aлексеевна Prodanova Lyudmila Viktorovna Sotnikova Nataliya Stepanovna Plaskova Elena Vasilievna Prokofieva Fatima Yahievna Khamkhoeva <p>The article reflects ?n the problems of government support for the training of compliance officers in the Russian Federation. This problem became more acute in connection with the consolidation in clause 3 of the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1697-r of August 16, 2018, the requirement to create internal systems under state and municipal authorities, ensuring that their activities comply with the requirements of antimonopoly legislation. The lack of theoretical and practical knowledge of civil servants in this area (the area of compliance) determines the relevance of the problem under consideration. This mostly concerned t? yesterday's students who are unable to provide payment ?f additional education in this area due to lack of financial resources. This entails the lack of qualifications of civil servants in the area of compliance and the ineffectiveness of compliance programs they are running. In the course of the study, we concluded that it is necessary to adopt in Russia a Scandinavian approach of government support for the training of labor resources at the expense of the national budget and taking into account the real need for labor resources in regions and municipalities.</p> 2021-12-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review The impact of marketing on activities of Vietnam arts and cultural organizations 2021-12-24T14:13:53+00:00 Nguyen Thi Anh Quyen <p>With the trend of budget reduction and autonomous operation of arts and cultural organizations, competition in this field to attract audiences is an inevitable trend. This sets out the requirements of marketing activities to bring arts to the audiences and bring the audience to arts, which is, to link arts with the audience; not only achieved the goal of establishing and meeting the audience needs, but also fulfilled the arts and cultural organizations’ task of creating arts. There have been many research perspectives on culture and arts marketing in the context of cultural integration and economic development associated with the characteristics of each country and region. In this study, the author approaches, inherits, and develops Rentschler's culture and arts marketing model to build a scale and conduct practical research in Hanoi, Vietnam. The survey subjects were identified as art practitioners (artists) with more than 3 years of working experience in 7 theaters in Hanoi. The research was carried out by qualitative method through secondary data collection, combined with the quantitative method through a survey of opinions of 200 artists.</p> 2021-12-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review Humans and humanity at a crossroads, reading Huxley’s brave new world in light of harari’s homo deus 2021-12-15T11:22:04+00:00 Reimundus Raymond Fatubun <p>We don't know where humanity is going. It's challenging to keep up with the rapid advancements in science and technology. In real life, both true and fictional 'truths' play important roles. Huxley's utopian/dystopian novel <em>Brave New World</em> (<em>BNW</em>) depicts a possible future for humanity through his description of a society organized and controlled through the use of science. A contemporary history book, <em>Homo Deus</em>: <em>A Brief History of Tomorrow</em> (<em>HD</em>), also discusses the potential of humanity facing extinction in the future. This discussion employs <em>HD</em> to shed light on <em>BNW</em>, using Marxist and New Historicist arguments. Its goals are to analyze the irony in the works, the threat to invention and creativity, oligarchy and hedonism, the name allusions in the works, and the future prospect of engeneered homo sapiens as eternal working classes. The research discovered that both books are based on humanism, but humans are not treated as they should, that the lower castes in <em>BNW</em> cannot become innovative and creative because they are engineered, that the small oligarchy (the Alphas) maintains its power by providing pleasures for the lower castes so as to forget that they are being controlled.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Linguistics and Culture Review Business households in the context of Vietnam's culture and law 2022-01-02T11:37:13+00:00 Vien The Giang Vo Thi My Huong <p>The article analyzes and clarifies the position and role of business households in the system of business entities in the market economy in Vietnam. From its small-scale position, restrictions on the rights to use labor, and business locations, current Vietnamese laws have established provisions to ensure equality in legal status, autonomy, and self-responsibility on business transactions of business households. However, the business household is built and managed based on the family, the members of the business household both show blood relation and economic relation. Therefore, the family traditional cultural factors have a huge impact on the internal and business relations of household businesses. The traditional family relationship and the relationship among the members (of the business household) in the business relations related to asset liability and the development support policy of the State will form the pillar to promote the development of household businesses to become an important and indispensable part of the market economy and international integration in our country currently.</p> 2022-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review The theoretical framework for impact assessment of the labor code on enterprises 2021-12-31T02:34:47+00:00 Dao Mong Diep Nguyen Dao Mai Khanh Dao The Dong Nguyen Van Nhung <p>Labor law plays an important role in regulating the relationship between employees and employers. The Labor Code has made more effective adjustments to enterprises to ensure the interests of employers. However, some regulations still do not meet the requirements set out at the current stage. The article researches the theoretical framework to assess the impact of the Labor Code on enterprises to reflect between the legal theory and the actual law implementation. On that basis, the article will propose solutions to improve the provisions of the Labor Code for enterprises to establish a solid legal corridor to ensure the development of enterprises in the current period.</p> 2022-01-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review Religious values in Bali calligraphy 2022-01-29T01:28:22+00:00 I Wayan Simpen I Ketut Sudewa Putu Eka Gunayasa <p>Balinese calligraphy or prevalently called Bali Aksara Calligraphy was born in the midst of the Bali language marginality and script conditions due to the presence of two main factors, namely internal factors, and external factors. Internal factors came from Balinese speakers who partly considered that Balinese was considered no longer economically promising. Meanwhile, external factors are caused by the nativist insistence on Indonesian as a national language and foreign language. As it is known, Bali's script calligraphy and calligraphy generally use script or letter as their basic medium. The script or letter is an emblem or symbol of the language representing the vowel sound and consonant sound that builds segments or segments in a language. A segment is built by a single vowel or a single vowel with multiple consonants. The consonant inside a segment can be in front of a vowel, behind a vowel, or flanking a vowel. The features and characters of the Balinese script differ from those of other languages in that the Balinese script is not only as a crest or symbol of sound but at once as a certain emblem.</p> 2022-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review The image construction of the City Yiwu in overseas media 2022-02-04T12:13:57+00:00 Gaoqiang Lu Jiajun Chen Liu Zhang <p>Every year, hundreds of thousands of businessmen from all over the world flood into Yiwu, a small commodity town known as “The world's largest small commodity trading market.” As Yiwu’s slogan says, “ Buy from the world, and sell to the world.” This small town has been influencing the world using its own style. This paper extracted 1413 sentences from the Now Corpus using the keyword "Yiwu." We divided data into two time periods: 2010-2015 and 2016-2021, and made an in-depth analysis of Yiwu's overseas image with the change of timeline. The research results showed that with the gradual maturity of projects such as "China-Europe Freight Train" and "Yiwu Fair," Yiwu's oversea image has become more positive during these 12 years. Moreover, Yiwu has gradually become a modern city integrating with the world instead of a world-famous “Christmas factory." Importantly, residents of Yiwu have been influencing the world with their unique wisdom.</p> 2022-02-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review Compound word Hindu religious terms in Bali 2022-05-12T11:27:54+00:00 I Made Suweta Putu Wulandari Tristananda Ni Putu Widyasanti <p>The term Hinduism in Bali, as a religious culture, cannot be separated from the existence of the Balinese language, which has its position as the center of Balinese culture. Many Hindu religious terms in Bali are classified as compound words that need to be preserved. In connection with the importance of the study of Hindu religious compound words, there are several issues that need to be discussed which are formulated as follows: what is the structure, what is the function, and what is the meaning of compound words in Hindu religious terms in Bali? In this study, several theories and methods were used. Theories used in this study include structural linguistic theory and cultural linguistic theory. The method used includes the method of finding interview and observation data, while in the analysis of the data used descriptive qualitative methods are synchronous.</p> 2022-05-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review A study on English translation of Chinese four-character idioms 2022-06-30T01:03:09+00:00 Hongmei Kang Yang Yang <p>Chinese Four-character idioms are fixed phrases with four Chinese characters that have been used for a long time in Chinese. They are language units with richer meanings and equivalent grammatical functions than words. They are concise, easy to remember, and easy to use. Many idioms have two or more meanings. It is precisely for this reason that the English translation of Chinese idioms has brought considerable difficulties. In the process of translating idioms into English, it is difficult to be accurate, profound, and complete. Therefore, a variety of English translation techniques should be combined for translating Chinese four-character idioms. This paper analyzed the definition, characteristics, classification, and translatability of Chinese four-character idioms, and concluded three commonly applied strategies for translating Chinese four-character idioms into English: the literal translation, the free translation, and the combination of literal and free translation. Finally, some problems existing in the translation of Chinese four-character idioms are analyzed and summarized: poor acceptance by foreigners, loss of cultural elements, and unbalanced cultural status.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review Unity of sentences charged with character education values in student essays 2022-08-09T05:46:24+00:00 Ida Bagus Putrayasa Dewa Putu Ramendra <p>This study aims to describe the unity of sentences charged with character education values contained in the essays of grade IV elementary school students in the province of Bali. This research was designed with qualitative descriptive. The subject of this study is the essay of grade IV elementary school students in the province of Bali, while the object is 1) the unity of sentences and 2) the values of character education in student essays. Data are collected by the method of recording documents and analyzed descriptively in quality. The results show that: 1) (a) the unity of sentences indicated by the presence of: (a) Subject (S) and Predicate (P): 1209 sentences are clearly categorized as unity of their ideas; (b) in the absence of S and P, only in the form of caption 33; (c) without S or containing only P: 31 sentences, and (d) without P or containing only S: 25 sentences. 2) The values of character education contained in the essays of grade IV elementary school students in Bali province include (a) religious, (b) honest, (c) hard work, (d) love to read, (e) care for the environment, (f) social care, and (g) responsibility.&nbsp;</p> 2022-08-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review The impact of pragma-linguistic & socio-pragmatic components on understanding English pragmatic utterances 2022-08-11T00:47:03+00:00 Ahmed Subhi Abdullah <p>Having a good pragmatic competence prevent the interlocutors from misunderstanding. The native and non-native people encounter everyday a lot of pragmatic utterances need to be inferred correctly to catch the intended meaning. The non-native people face a lot of difficulties in conveying hidden messages behind the letteral lines. Leech’s pragmatic components which are pragmalinguistic and sociopragmatic, are so important especially for non-natives to develop in order to help them having a competence gathers the linguistic elements and the socio-cultural conventions and beliefs of English culture which will eliminate the obscure of the pragmatic utterances. This research studies the theoretical view of pragmatics and leech’s components as well as analyzing answers of Iraqi students inferring some of pragmatic samples taken from the real British life. The study concludes that there is a lack in pragmatic competence for those students as well as a fuzzy knowledge of Leech’s two components.</p> 2022-08-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review