Linguistics and Culture Review <p>Linguistics and Culture Review is published by&nbsp;American Linguist Association.</p> American Linguist Association en-US Linguistics and Culture Review 2690-103X The use of ‘I-Do’ methodology in integrating moral characters into the development of ELT materials for transactional speaking skills <p>This study is aimed at improving the quality of teaching English at the university level by aligning the students’ needs and the expectations of the lecturers (a needs analysis) with moral values in developing moral character-based English language teaching materials. Development research method is used to carry out this research by employing the ‘I-DO’ methodology which contains three distinct phases namely; 1). The input phase which is passed by a needs analysis involving 60 participants (55 students and 10 lectures). The participants were purposively selected. Questionnaires were used to collect the data which were analyzed by using descriptive approach. 2). The development Phase which is passed by formulating goals and objectives based on the information gathered from the needs analysis. 3) The output phase which is completed by making lesson plans, and producing prototype of the moral value-based teaching materials. This research has built one prototype of a well-developed ELT material for transactional speaking skill. We believe that our findings on the use of ‘I-DO’ methodology could have a profound impact on the way ELT materials is developed in language program.</p> Kaharuddin Kaharuddin Ismail Ismail Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-11-12 2021-11-12 6 1 1 29 10.21744/lingcure.v6n1.1703 Legal terms in translation of regulation number 40 year 2007 regarding limited liability company in Indonesia <p>This research focused on the language being used in Regulation Number 40 year 2007 regarding limited liability company in Indonesia and the data is taken from Regulation Number 40 year 2007 regarding limited liability company in Indonesia that is collected randomly so the technique that will be used in this research is the sampling technique, because the data was chosen randomly and the method that will be used to analyze the data is descriptive method because the data will be described descriptively. It will describe the reason why the translator use that kind of equivalence to translate Indonesian into the English language.</p> Wayan Suryasa I Gede Nika Wirawan Steven L. Thoms Tom Bonviglio Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-11-14 2021-11-14 6 1 30 42 10.21744/lingcure.v6n1.1731 Impact of the industrial revolution 4.0 on Vietnamese cultural development <p>The material and the spiritual are two sides of social life. In the process of development, if the economy is considered as the material foundation of society, meeting material needs, then culture is the spiritual foundation of society, meeting the spiritual needs of people and society. It is not possible to develop stably and sustainably if only focusing on economic growth but neglecting or even sacrificing culture. The development of each country, economy and culture are interrelated, in which culture covers all aspects of social activities; not only govern influence, but also have the ability to regulate the development of society. Currently, the fourth industrial revolution has had a profound impact on all areas of socio-economic life in Vietnam, including culture. In order to take advantage of opportunities and minimize negative impacts, countries need to assess the impact of this revolution comprehensively, including the impact on culture, thereby reorienting development strategies, focusing on investing in science and technology, and at the same time having policies to preserve and promote national cultural values ??is one of the most important tasks of the current Vietnamese revolution.</p> Nguyen Minh Tri Nguyen Trung Dung Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-11-19 2021-11-19 6 1 43 54 10.21744/lingcure.v6n1.1806 Indonesian netizens expressions potentially satire with the COVID-19 pandemic on social media Facebook <p>Since the COVID-19 pandemic, a lot of information is more likely to be conveyed by netizens through social media, especially Facebook. The information in question sometimes contains potentially satirical expressions. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to describe the expressions of Indonesian netizens that have the potential to be satire that cannot be separated from the topic of the COVID-19 pandemic. This research is qualitative research with a descriptive presentation method. Research data is sourced from social media Facebook, while research data is in words, phrases, and or sentences in the form of exposed expressions. The research data collection technique applies digital exploration techniques, namely exploring and examining several statuses in expressions published on Facebook social media. The data that is considered relevant to the purpose of the research is then documented by taking a screen capture or screenshot. The data were analyzed by applying pragmasemantic techniques. The results showed that the expressions with the potential to be satirical were found with satire irony, sarcasm, innuendo, cynicism, and satire. The five types of satire are summarized as findings stated in the proposition, namely, potentially satire expressions or satire expressions.</p> Muhsyanur Muhsyanur Zulfiah Larisu Henny Sanulita Devi Wahyu Ertanti Dwi Masdi Widada Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-12-06 2021-12-06 6 1 55 69 10.21744/lingcure.v6n1.1942 Integration of language, psychology, and technology and the concept of independence learning in reading characters in indonesian children's films as media and learning materials in character building for elementary school students-indonesia <p>The purpose of this research is to integrate psychology, technology, and language in reading the characters in Indonesian children's films as media and learning materials for character building for elementary school students in Indonesia. This research design uses mixed methods. The source of research data is sourced from elementary school students' learning activities in Indonesian subjects using Indonesian children's films as media and learning materials. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions. Respondents of this study were elementary school teachers as many as 98 teachers. Qualitative data were analyzed by interpreting techniques and presented in the form of descriptions, while quantitative data were analyzed by calculating the average student learning outcomes presented in the form of percentages. The findings of this study are twofold, namely, the findings of this study are twofold, namely by using Indonesian children's films as a medium as well as a source of learning and learning materials can shape students' character and improve student achievement.</p> Daniel Stefanus Imanuel Sondakh Azam Syukur Rahmatullah Adiyono Adiyono Muh. Zuhdy Hamzah Rika Riwayatiningsih Nanik Kholifah Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-12-09 2021-12-09 6 1 70 88 10.21744/lingcure.v6n1.1963 The development of government support for compliance managers training in Russian Federation <p>The article reflects ?n the problems of government support for the training of compliance officers in the Russian Federation. This problem became more acute in connection with the consolidation in clause 3 of the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1697-r of August 16, 2018, the requirement to create internal systems under state and municipal authorities, ensuring that their activities comply with the requirements of antimonopoly legislation. The lack of theoretical and practical knowledge of civil servants in this area (the area of compliance) determines the relevance of the problem under consideration. This mostly concerned t? yesterday's students who are unable to provide payment ?f additional education in this area due to lack of financial resources. This entails the lack of qualifications of civil servants in the area of compliance and the ineffectiveness of compliance programs they are running. In the course of the study, we concluded that it is necessary to adopt in Russia a Scandinavian approach of government support for the training of labor resources at the expense of the national budget and taking into account the real need for labor resources in regions and municipalities.</p> Alexander Sergeevich Kazakov Natalia Aлексеевна Prodanova Lyudmila Viktorovna Sotnikova Nataliya Stepanovna Plaskova Elena Vasilievna Prokofieva Fatima Yahievna Khamkhoeva Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-12-07 2021-12-07 6 1 89 98 10.21744/lingcure.v6n1.1956 The impact of marketing on activities of Vietnam arts and cultural organizations <p>With the trend of budget reduction and autonomous operation of arts and cultural organizations, competition in this field to attract audiences is an inevitable trend. This sets out the requirements of marketing activities to bring arts to the audiences and bring the audience to arts, which is, to link arts with the audience; not only achieved the goal of establishing and meeting the audience needs, but also fulfilled the arts and cultural organizations’ task of creating arts. There have been many research perspectives on culture and arts marketing in the context of cultural integration and economic development associated with the characteristics of each country and region. In this study, the author approaches, inherits, and develops Rentschler's culture and arts marketing model to build a scale and conduct practical research in Hanoi, Vietnam. The survey subjects were identified as art practitioners (artists) with more than 3 years of working experience in 7 theaters in Hanoi. The research was carried out by qualitative method through secondary data collection, combined with the quantitative method through a survey of opinions of 200 artists.</p> Nguyen Thi Anh Quyen Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-12-24 2021-12-24 6 1 99 109 10.21744/lingcure.v6n1.2038 Humans and humanity at a crossroads, reading Huxley’s brave new world in light of harari’s homo deus <p>We don't know where humanity is going. It's challenging to keep up with the rapid advancements in science and technology. In real life, both true and fictional 'truths' play important roles. Huxley's utopian/dystopian novel <em>Brave New World</em> (<em>BNW</em>) depicts a possible future for humanity through his description of a society organized and controlled through the use of science. A contemporary history book, <em>Homo Deus</em>: <em>A Brief History of Tomorrow</em> (<em>HD</em>), also discusses the potential of humanity facing extinction in the future. This discussion employs <em>HD</em> to shed light on <em>BNW</em>, using Marxist and New Historicist arguments. Its goals are to analyze the irony in the works, the threat to invention and creativity, oligarchy and hedonism, the name allusions in the works, and the future prospect of engeneered homo sapiens as eternal working classes. The research discovered that both books are based on humanism, but humans are not treated as they should, that the lower castes in <em>BNW</em> cannot become innovative and creative because they are engineered, that the small oligarchy (the Alphas) maintains its power by providing pleasures for the lower castes so as to forget that they are being controlled.</p> Reimundus Raymond Fatubun Copyright (c) 2021 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-12-28 2021-12-28 6 1 110 126 10.21744/lingcure.v6n1.1999 Business households in the context of Vietnam's culture and law <p>The article analyzes and clarifies the position and role of business households in the system of business entities in the market economy in Vietnam. From its small-scale position, restrictions on the rights to use labor, and business locations, current Vietnamese laws have established provisions to ensure equality in legal status, autonomy, and self-responsibility on business transactions of business households. However, the business household is built and managed based on the family, the members of the business household both show blood relation and economic relation. Therefore, the family traditional cultural factors have a huge impact on the internal and business relations of household businesses. The traditional family relationship and the relationship among the members (of the business household) in the business relations related to asset liability and the development support policy of the State will form the pillar to promote the development of household businesses to become an important and indispensable part of the market economy and international integration in our country currently.</p> Vien The Giang Vo Thi My Huong Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review 2022-01-02 2022-01-02 6 1 127 142 10.21744/lingcure.v6n1.2069 The theoretical framework for impact assessment of the labor code on enterprises <p>Labor law plays an important role in regulating the relationship between employees and employers. The Labor Code has made more effective adjustments to enterprises to ensure the interests of employers. However, some regulations still do not meet the requirements set out at the current stage. The article researches the theoretical framework to assess the impact of the Labor Code on enterprises to reflect between the legal theory and the actual law implementation. On that basis, the article will propose solutions to improve the provisions of the Labor Code for enterprises to establish a solid legal corridor to ensure the development of enterprises in the current period.</p> Dao Mong Diep Nguyen Dao Mai Khanh Dao The Dong Nguyen Van Nhung Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review 2022-01-06 2022-01-06 6 1 143 155 10.21744/lingcure.v6n1.2057