Scientific knowledge as a means and a prerequisite for discovering the essential powers of the individual
Keywords:absolute, heuristic potential knowledge, human freedom, ignorance, knowledge, knowledge measurement, phenomenal being
Using historical-philosophical and historical-cultural material, the authors substantiate the idea that the heuristic potential of knowledge is enhanced by an in-depth analysis of its philosophical foundations. In the process of analysing knowledge in various philosophical traditions, the authors reach an activistic conception of knowledge, which includes freedom as a prerequisite for external and internal human activity. Knowledge doesn’t coincide with the absolute measurement of freedom and at the same time with the factuality of phenomenal being. It realizes itself at the point of unity of these considerations. By analyzing the sensual, empirical, and theoretical measurement of knowledge, the authors conclude that knowledge, as well as its structure, should be considered in a broad methodological and philosophical way, including the dialectic of knowledge and ignorance. Knowledge is related to the system of human activity. This system includes the object, subject, purpose and objectives of study. But the activity system also relates to nature of the operations performed. This nature is connected with the soul of a person, their inner world. The latter has to do with personal knowledge, latent knowledge. The purpose of the study is to analyze scientific knowledge as a prerequisite for discovering the essential powers of the individual.
Argote, L., Ingram, P., Levine, J. M., & Moreland, R. L. (2000). Knowledge transfer in organizations: Learning from the experience of others. Organizational behavior and human decision processes, 82(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1006/obhd.2000.2883
Aristotle. (1976). Essays In 4 volumes: Vol. 1. Moscow: Misl.
Barnes, B. (2013). Scientific knowledge and sociological theory. Routledge.
Bloch, E. (1963). Tübingen introduction to philosophy. Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag.
Bloor, D. (1991). Knowledge and social imagery. University of Chicago Press.
Camisón, C., & Forés, B. (2010). Knowledge absorptive capacity: New insights for its conceptualization and measurement. Journal of Business Research, 63(7), 707-715. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2009.04.022
Cevallos, M. A. M., Cedeño, Ángela M. C., & Gámes, M. R. (2020). Maker movement: strategy for the construction of knowledge in high school students. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 7(4), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.21744/irjmis.v7n4.935
Chisholm, R. M., Chisholm, R. M., Chisholm, R. M., & Chisholm, R. M. (1989). Theory of knowledge (Vol. 3). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Comte, A. (2011). The spirit of positive philosophy: the word about positive thinking.
Cusa, N. (1979). Essays in 2 volumes: Vol. 1. Moscow: Misl.
Drucker, P. F. (1995). Managing in a time of great change. New York: Truman.
Fascia, M. (2014). Philosophy and Knowledge: Discussions on Literature. Available at SSRN 2821644.
Flynn, L. R., & Goldsmith, R. E. (1999). A short, reliable measure of subjective knowledge. Journal of business research, 46(1), 57-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0148-2963(98)00057-5
Gans, J. S., Murray, F. E., & Stern, S. (2017). Contracting over the disclosure of scientific knowledge: Intellectual property and academic publication. Research Policy, 46(4), 820-835. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2017.02.005
Gokalp, N. (2012). Philosophy education and human freedom. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 47, 477-479. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.683
Griffen, L., Ryzheva, N., Nefodov, D., & Hryashchevskaya, L. (2021). Historical stages in the formation of the scientific knowledge system in a theoretical and methodological context. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S2), 96-107. https://doi.org/10.21744/lingcure.v5nS2.1333
Hegel, G. (1977). Encyclopedia of philosophical sciences: In 3. Sciences, 1, 3.
Ichikawa, J. (2011). Quantifiers, knowledge, and counterfactuals. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 82(2), 287-313.
Kettler, D., & Meja, V. (1995). Karl Mannheim and the Crisis of Liberalism. New Brunswick.
Kosasih, C. E., Lukman, M., Solehati, T., & Mediani, H. S. (2021). Effect of dengue hemorrhagic fever health education on knowledge and attitudes, in elementary school children in West Java, Indonesia. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S1), 191-200. https://doi.org/10.21744/lingcure.v5nS1.1349
Kusch, M. (1999). Philosophy and the Sociology of Knowledge. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 30(4), 651-685. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-3681(99)00029-1
Kusch, M. (Ed.). (2000). The sociology of philosophical knowledge (Vol. 48). Springer Science & Business Media.
Latour, B., & Woolgar, S. (1979). The social construction of scientific facts.
Lektorsky, V. A. (1995). Knowledge and cultural objects. In The Concept of Knowledge (pp. 191-196). Springer, Dord
Lemos, N. (2020). An introduction to the theory of knowledge. Cambridge University Press.
Mannheim, K. (1952). Essays on the Sociology of Knowledge, ed. P. Kecskemeti.
Marx K., & Engels F. (1959). Essays In 50 volumes: Vol. 13. Moscow: State Publishing House of Political Literature.
Merton, R. K., & Merton, R. C. (1968). Social theory and social structure. Simon and Schuster.
Mokshitsky, E. (1991). Between epistemology and sociology of knowledge. Moscow: Progress.
Nagel, J. (2013). 10. Knowledge as a mental state. Oxford studies in epistemology, 4, 273.
Novak, M. (1984). Freedom with justice: Catholic social thought and liberal institutions.
Nozick, R., & Williams, B. (2014). 23. Anarchy, State and Utopia (pp. 107-114). Princeton University Press.
Nyandra, M., Kartiko, B.H., Susanto, P.C., Supriyati, A., Suryasa, W. (2018). Education and training improve quality of life and decrease depression score in elderly population. Eurasian Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 13(2), 371-377.
Osipov, G. V. (1993). Istoriya sociologii v Zapadnoj Evrope i SSHA [The history of sociology in Western Europe and the United States]. Moscow. Gl, 12, 278-309.
Parker, M. (2013). Defending the indefensible? Psychiatry, assisted suicide and human freedom. International journal of law and psychiatry, 36(5-6), 485-497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2013.06.007
Plato. (1993). Essays In 4 volumes: Vol. 2. Moscow: Misl.
Popper, K. R. (1989). Logik der Forschung.
Putra, A. A. G. A. P. ., Wahyuni, N. M., Yasa, P. N. S. ., & Giantari, I. G. A. K. . (2020). Examining the linkage among market orientation, learning orientation and innovation performance: The mediation role of knowledge management. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 7(6), 131-145. https://doi.org/10.21744/irjmis.v7n6.1023
Raymond, C. M., Fazey, I., Reed, M. S., Stringer, L. C., Robinson, G. M., & Evely, A. C. (2010). Integrating local and scientific knowledge for environmental management. Journal of environmental management, 91(8), 1766-1777. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.03.023
Reichenbach, H. (1938). Experience and prediction: An analysis of the foundations and the structure of knowledge.
Ryan, A. (2020). The ideology of translation vs translation procedures. Applied Translation, 14(2), 14–20. Retrieved from https://appliedtranslation.nyc/index.php/journal/article/view/1232
Scheler, M. (2012). Problems of a Sociology of Knowledge (Routledge Revivals). Routledge.
Shtulman, A., & Valcarcel, J. (2012). Scientific knowledge suppresses but does not supplant earlier intuitions. Cognition, 124(2), 209-215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2012.04.005
Siegel, D. S., Waldman, D. A., Atwater, L. E., & Link, A. N. (2004). Toward a model of the effective transfer of scientific knowledge from academicians to practitioners: qualitative evidence from the commercialization of university technologies. Journal of engineering and technology management, 21(1-2), 115-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jengtecman.2003.12.006
Stanley, J. (2005). Knowledge and practical interests. Clarendon Press.
Swingewood, A. (1984). The Sociology of Knowledge and Culture. In A Short History of Sociological Thought (pp. 294-311). Palgrave, London.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Linguistics and Culture Review
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.