Needs and wants in mosque architecture

a study of traditional and modern mosques in West Java-Indonesia


  • Indri Astrina Wirakusumah Parahyangan Catholic University, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Antariksa Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
  • Purnama Salura Parahyangan Catholic University, Bandung, Indonesia


architecture, ideogram, mosque, need, typogram, want


Generally, the study on mosque architecture focuses partly on classifying mosque forms or exploring the historical, socio-cultural, and political meanings behind the architectural design of mosques. This study puts forward a new concept of an interesting relationship between the needs of Islamic ritual activities and the wants of certain traditions that underlie the diversity of mosque architectural forms in Indonesia. Therefore, the search for these two essential aspects of mosque architecture is important to position the diversity of mosque architectural forms in the context of architectural design that continues to evolve. In line with these issues, this study analyzes the concepts of needs and wants that underlie the design of traditional, and contemporary mosques in West Java. The analysis process is carried out by comparing ideograms that represent the concept of the need for Islamic fiqh-based ritual activities, with typograms that represent the elements of the scope and mosque space in the study cases. Furthermore, the analysis results show that the expression of the architectural form of the mosque in each case study is more influenced by the wants of the pious congregation and the personal wants of the architect.


Download data is not yet available.


Akkach, S. (2012). Cosmology and architecture in premodern Islam: An architectural reading of mystical ideas. SUNY Press.

Amar, J., Droulers, O., & Legohérel, P. (2017). Typography in destination advertising: An exploratory study and research perspectives. Tourism Management, 63, 77-86.

Ashadi, A. (2013). Dakwah Wali Songo Pengaruhnya Terhadap Perkembangan Perubahan Bentuk Arsitektur Mesjid Di Jawa (Studi Kasus: Mesjid Agung Demak). NALARs, 12(2).

Azmi, N. A., Ar?c?, M., & Baharun, A. (2021). A review on the factors influencing energy efficiency of mosque buildings. Journal of Cleaner Production, 126010.

Bauer, J. M., Bergstrøm, R., & Foss-Madsen, R. (2021). Are you sure, you want a cookie?–The effects of choice architecture on users' decisions about sharing private online data. Computers in Human Behavior, 120, 106729.

Budi, B. S., Falah, M., & Putrie, Y. E. (2017). Masjid Kuno Cirebon. Ikatan Peneliti Lingkungan Binaan Indonesia (IPLBI) atas izin Dinas Pariwisata dan Kebudayaan Provinsi Jawa Barat.

Butler, M. G., Rafi, S. K., McGuire, A., & Manzardo, A. M. (2016). Currently recognized clinically relevant and known genes for human reproduction and related infertility with representation on high-resolution chromosome ideograms. Gene, 575(1), 149-159.

Davidsson, P. (1991). Continued entrepreneurship: Ability, need, and opportunity as determinants of small firm growth. Journal of business venturing, 6(6), 405-429.

de Graaf, H. J. (1963). The Origin of the Javanese Mosque. Journal of Southeast Asian History, 4(1), 1-5.

Dijk, K. (2006). The changing contour of mosques," in The Past in the Present, Rotterdam, NAi Publishers.

Drewes, G. W. J. (1968). New light on the coming of Islam to Indonesia?. Bijdragen tot de taal-, land-en volkenkunde, (4de Afl), 433-459.

Fanani, A. (2009). Arsitektur masjid. Bentang Pustaka.

Frishman, M., & Khan, H. U. (Eds.). (1994). The mosque: history, architectural development and regional diversity. Thames & Hudson.

Goldschmidt, G. (1994). On visual design thinking: the vis kids of architecture. Design studies, 15(2), 158-174.

Heuken, A. (2003). Mesjid-mesjid tua di Jakarta. Yayasan Cipta Loka Caraka.

Hillenbrand, R. (1994). Islamic architecture: form, function, and meaning. Columbia University Press.

Hillenbrand, R. (1994). Islamic architecture: form, function, and meaning. Columbia University Press.

Hoag, J. D. (2012). Western Islamic architecture: a concise introduction. Courier Corporation.

Iwata, K., Onosato, M., Teramoto, K., & Osaki, S. (1995). A modelling and simulation architecture for virtual manufacturing systems. CIRP annals, 44(1), 399-402.

Kambarova, M. M. (2021). Semantic and functional features of lexical units in the field of architecture and construction in English and Uzbek. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(1), 64-74.

Kasmawan, I. G. A., Supartha, I. W., Wijaya, I. N., & Giriantari, I. A. D. (2018). Bird pest attack and sound characteristics of bamboo traditional instruments as bird pest repellent on rice fields in Bali. International Journal of Life Sciences, 2(3), 28-37.

Kholid, A. I. (2016). Wali Songo: eksistensi dan perannya dalam islamisasi dan implikasinya terhadap munculnya tradisi-tradisi di tanah jawa. Jurnal Tamaddun: Jurnal Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Islam, 1(1).

Li, Z. X. ., & Huan, C. Y. . (2019). Chinese and North American culture: A new perspective in linguistics studies. Linguistics and Culture Review, 3(1), 14-31.

Mohamed, I. S., Ab Aziz, N. H., Masrek, M. N., & Daud, N. M. (2014). Mosque fund management: issues on accountability and internal controls. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 145, 189-194.

Nasr, S. H., & Na?r, ?. (1964). An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines: Conceptions of Nature and Methods Used for Its Study by the Ikhw?n Al-?af??, Al-B?r?n?, and Ibn S?n?. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Paskaleva, E. (2012). The BiBi Khanum mosque in samarqand: iTs mongol and Timurid archiTecTure. The Silk Road, 10, 81-98.

Piaget, J. (1995). Strukturalisme, terj. Harmoyo Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Pijper, G. F. (1947). The minaret in Java. India Antiqua. A Volume of Oriental Studies presented by his friends and pupils to Jean Philippe Vogel.

Salura, P. (2018). Anatomy of architecture based on the creation of space for activity.

Salura, P. (2018). The philosophy of architectural ordering principles. International Journal of Engineering and Technology (UAE), 7(2.9), 52-55.

Sumalyo, Y. (2000). Arsitektur mesjid dan monumen sejarah Muslim. Gadjah Mada University Press.

Suryasa, W. (2019). Historical Religion Dynamics: Phenomenon in Bali Island. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, 11(6), 1679-1685.

Tajuddin, Y. (2015). Walisongo dalam Strategi Komunikasi Dakwah. Addin, 8(2).

Widiarta, I. P. G. D., Suarna, I. W., & Suryani, N. N. (2021). Development strategy of Bali cattle business towards sustainable rural economy. International Journal of Life Sciences, 5(2), 36-47.

Yamadori, A., Nagashima, T., & Tamaki, N. (1983). Ideogram writing in a disconnection syndrome. Brain and Language, 19(2), 346-356.

Yurtkuran, S., K?rl?, G., & Taneli, Y. (2013). Use of the semantics of typography in architectural design education. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 106, 3253-3258.



How to Cite

Wirakusumah, I. A., Antariksa, A., & Salura, P. (2021). Needs and wants in mosque architecture: a study of traditional and modern mosques in West Java-Indonesia. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S3), 381-395.



Research Articles