Phonological system of dentong dialect

https://doi.org/10.37028/lingcure.v5n1.1108

Authors

  • Usman State University of Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Johar Amir State University of Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Nur Asia Islamic Boarding School of Darul Istiqomah Maros, Makassar, Indonesia

Keywords:

Bugis language, Dentong dialect, Dentong language, linguistics aspects, Makassar language, phonological system, regional languages, vowel-consonant phoneme

Abstract

This study examines the phonological system of the Dentong dialect in Cenrana District, Maros Regency, South Sulawesi. The results of research on the phonological system, it is found: (1) the vowel phoneme of the Dentong dialect is the same as the vowel phoneme in Bugis, namely /i/, /e/, /?/, /a/, /u/, and /o/ and the consonant phonemes, namely /b/, /c/, /d/, /g/, /h/, /j/, /k/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /p/, /r/, /s/, /t/, and /? /, nevertheless the phonemes /w/ and /y/ are not found; (2) The consonant sequences are /?k/, /nd/, /mb/, /?g/, /nj/, /nr/, and /??/; (3) Geminations of consonants in the form of phonemes are /kk/, /ll/, /mm/, /nn/, /pp/, /rr/, and /ss/; (4) sound variations, namely apheresis of eliminating phonemes /m/ at the beginning of a word, syncope of eliminating phonemes /ma/ in the middle of a word, epenthesis of inserting phonemes /h/ in the middle of words, prosthesis of adding phonemes /b/ at the beginning of words, and paragog of adding phoneme /?/ at the end of a word; and (5) the symptom of sound found accompanying articulation, namely labialization in the form of sound /w/ labia-dental consonant and palatalization in the form a/y sound.

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Published

2021-06-27

How to Cite

Usman, U., Amir, J., & Asia, N. (2021). Phonological system of dentong dialect. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(1), 146-159. https://doi.org/10.37028/lingcure.v5n1.1108

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Section

Research Articles