Unity of sentences charged with character education values in student essays
A syntactic study
Keywords:character education, essay, syntax, unity
This study aims to describe the unity of sentences charged with character education values contained in the essays of grade IV elementary school students in the province of Bali. This research was designed with qualitative descriptive. The subject of this study is the essay of grade IV elementary school students in the province of Bali, while the object is 1) the unity of sentences and 2) the values of character education in student essays. Data are collected by the method of recording documents and analyzed descriptively in quality. The results show that: 1) (a) the unity of sentences indicated by the presence of: (a) Subject (S) and Predicate (P): 1209 sentences are clearly categorized as unity of their ideas; (b) in the absence of S and P, only in the form of caption 33; (c) without S or containing only P: 31 sentences, and (d) without P or containing only S: 25 sentences. 2) The values of character education contained in the essays of grade IV elementary school students in Bali province include (a) religious, (b) honest, (c) hard work, (d) love to read, (e) care for the environment, (f) social care, and (g) responsibility.
Abidin, Y. (2012). Pembelajaran bahasa berbasis pendidikan karakter. Refika Aditama.
Adinkrah, M., & Adinkrah, H. A. (2021). Focalizing Chinua Achebe’s no longer at ease: mitigating and aggravating factors in Obi Okonkwo’s corruption scandal. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 7(5), 371-380. https://doi.org/10.21744/ijllc.v7n5.1011
Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. (2006). Hakikat Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia di SD. Jakarta: BSNP.
Ball, E., Franks, H., Jenkins, J., McGrath, M., & Leigh, J. (2009). Annotation is a valuable tool to enhance learning and assessment in student essays. Nurse education today, 29(3), 284-291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2008.10.005
Batterink, L., & Neville, H. J. (2013). The human brain processes syntax in the absence of conscious awareness. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(19), 8528-8533.
Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. K. (1990). Penelitian kualitatif untuk pendidikan. Jakarta: Pusat Antar Universitas.
Cheung, C. K., & Lee, T. Y. (2010). Improving social competence through character education. Evaluation and program planning, 33(3), 255-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2009.08.006
Clifton. Jr, C. E., & Frazier, L. (2010). Imperfect ellipsis: Antecedents beyond syntax?. Syntax, 13(4), 279-297.
Collins, C., & Stabler, E. (2016). A formalization of minimalist syntax. Syntax, 19(1), 43-78.
Culicover, P. W., & Jackendoff, R. (2006). The simpler syntax hypothesis. Trends in cognitive sciences, 10(9), 413-418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2006.07.007
Diab, N. M. (2016). A comparison of peer, teacher and self-feedback on the reduction of language errors in student essays. System, 57, 55-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2015.12.014
Kemdikbud. (2020). Program Penguatan Pendidikan Karakter. Jakarta: Kemdikbud.
Klein, J., & Taub, D. (2005). The effect of variations in handwriting and print on evaluation of student essays. Assessing writing, 10(2), 134-148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asw.2005.05.002
Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. sage.
Mei-Ju, C., Chen-Hsin, Y., & Pin-Chen, H. (2014). The beauty of character education on preschool children's parent-child relationship. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 143, 527-533. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.431
Nordquist, R. (2020). English as a foreign language (EFL). Retrieved from thoughtco. com/English-as-a-foreign-language-efl-1690597. Access in March 6th.
Osborne, T., Putnam, M., & Groß, T. (2012). Catenae: Introducing a novel unit of syntactic analysis. Syntax, 15(4), 354-396.
Pane, M. M., & Patriana, R. (2016). The significance of environmental contents in character education for quality of life. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 222, 244-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.153
Pustejovsky, J. (1991). The syntax of event structure. cognition, 41(1-3), 47-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0277(91)90032-Y
Putrayasa, I. B. (2017). Unity and effectiveness of the abstract language beginner lecturer research institution (Undiksha) 2015. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS). V0l, 22, 23-28.
Putrayasa, I. B. (2018). An analysis of sentences’ unity of students’ compositions at grade VI of elementary schools in Bali province. International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Vol, 5.
Putrayasa, I. B. (2019). Syntactical analysis of essays. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(2), 156-164.
Putrayasa, I. B., & Ramendra, D. P. (2021). Syntactic study based on character education values essays of fourth grade elementary school student in Bali Province. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 7(5), 396-404. https://doi.org/10.21744/ijllc.v7n5.1931
Putrayasa, I. B., & Susana, A. (2007). Analisis Kalimat (fungsi, kategori, dan peran). Refika Aditama.
Putrayasa, I. B., Ramendra, D. P., & Aryana, I. B. P. M. (2018, August). The Types of Sentence in the Essays of Grade VI Elementary School Students in Bali Province: A Syntactic Study. In Fourth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (Prasasti 2018) (pp. 121-124). Atlantis Press.
Putrayasa, I. B., Ramendra, D. P., & Aryana, P. M. (2018, December). The Analysis of Sentences Structure of Students Compositions at Grade VI of Elementary Schools in Bali Province. In International Conference on Language, Literature, and Education (ICLLE 2018) (pp. 91-95). Atlantis Press.
Reyner, K. (2016). The Interaction of Syntax and Semantic During Sentence Proccessing: Eye movements in the Analysis of Semantically Based Sentences. Departement of Psychology University of Massachussetts, Mass.01003. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Robert–Burton, N. (1997). Analysing sentences.
Terenin, A. (2015). Unity of writing as the problem of russian learners of English. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 2735-2739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.683
Was, C. A., Woltz, D. J., & Drew, C. (2006). Evaluating character education programs and missing the target: A critique of existing research. Educational Research Review, 1(2), 148-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2006.08.001
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Linguistics and Culture Review
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.