Generic structure of descriptive text written English language learner and teachers


  • Kammer Tuahman Sipayung Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Indonesia
  • Sahlan Tampubolon Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Indonesia
  • Fenty Debora Napitupulu Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Indonesia
  • Febrina Lumban Tobing Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Indonesia


descriptive text, English language, generic structure, identification, teachers


The objective of this research is to describe the appropriateness and inappropriateness of participants in formulating identification in descriptive text. The researcher applies the theory of Gerot and Wignel (1994) from the perspective of systemic functional linguistics. To achieve the aim of this research, the researcher used a descriptive qualitative research design. The participants of this research come from three different groups (students at junior high school, English department students, and English teachers). It was chosen since the whole group is familiar with this kind of genre. Since the pandemic situation, the researcher used WhatsUp as a supporting instrument to collect the data. After analyzing the data (interactive data analysis) through the implementation of the systemic functional linguistics perspective, the researcher got the result. This research shows that 50% of junior high school students categorized appropriately in writing identification, 20% of English department students categorized appropriately, and 60% of English teachers categorized appropriately. Based on the results above, it can be concluded that the participants have a poor ability to write identification. It suggests that the English teachers' training program and English teachers have a better pedagogical plan and knowledge of the genre before teaching descriptive text.


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How to Cite

Sipayung, K. T., Tampubolon, S., Napitupulu, F. D., & Tobing, F. L. (2021). Generic structure of descriptive text written English language learner and teachers. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S3), 1636-1650.



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