The study of older preschool children’s sensitivity formation state
Keywords:children’s sensitivity, criteria, indicators, moral education, sensitivity
The purpose of the study is to diagnose the state of older preschool children’s sensitivity formation. The object is the process of older preschool children’s moral education. The study used a set of the following research methods: an analysis, a synthesis, a comparison, a generalization of scientific sources in order to formulate basic concepts and study the level of the issue concern; an observation of children’s play activities; a conversation; a plot role-playing games ‘Hospital’ and ‘Veterinary Clinic,’ a didactic game ‘Who is sensitive?’; methods of mathematical statistics for processing the obtained experimental data. Analysis of the experimental study results allowed us to state the lack of older preschool children’s awareness with the category ‘sensitivity’ and its emotional and activity display. The vast majority of preschoolers understand the theoretical meaning of this category, however, they do not realize the need to be sensitive, can not explain the motives of their sensitive behavior, and are not able to name the sensitive actions of other people. Only a small number of children associate sensitive actions with care, protection, and help. We have noted the highest rate of the emotional and value component development because children tend to show moral feelings.
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