The use of ‘I-Do’ methodology in integrating moral characters into the development of ELT materials for transactional speaking skills


  • Kaharuddin Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Alauddin, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Ismail Tarbiyah Faculty, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Parepare, Parepare, Indonesia


English teaching, materials development, moral characters, transactional, speaking skill


This study is aimed at improving the quality of teaching English at the university level by aligning the students’ needs and the expectations of the lecturers (a needs analysis) with moral values in developing moral character-based English language teaching materials. Development research method is used to carry out this research by employing the ‘I-DO’ methodology which contains three distinct phases namely; 1). The input phase which is passed by a needs analysis involving 60 participants (55 students and 10 lectures). The participants were purposively selected. Questionnaires were used to collect the data which were analyzed by using descriptive approach. 2). The development Phase which is passed by formulating goals and objectives based on the information gathered from the needs analysis. 3) The output phase which is completed by making lesson plans, and producing prototype of the moral value-based teaching materials. This research has built one prototype of a well-developed ELT material for transactional speaking skill. We believe that our findings on the use of ‘I-DO’ methodology could have a profound impact on the way ELT materials is developed in language program.


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How to Cite

Kaharuddin, K., & Ismail, I. (2021). The use of ‘I-Do’ methodology in integrating moral characters into the development of ELT materials for transactional speaking skills. Linguistics and Culture Review, 6(1), 1-29.



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