Politics of law affirmative action on empowerment of laut tribes in Lingga regency



  • Oksep Adhayanto Legal Studies Program, Raja Ali Haji Maritime University, Tanjung Pinang, Riau, Indonesia
  • Fithriatus Shalihah Faculty of Law, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


affirmative action policy, community empowerment, culture change, law country, politics of law


Indonesia is a country that has cultural diversity, ethnicity, religion, and regional languages. Indonesia, with its diversity, has much ethnic powerlessness, so that it affects and creates disparities in society. Therefore, the government needs to be encouraged to approach formulating policies to empower tribal communities in Indonesia. This study aims to find out how the legal politics of affirmative action towards the empowerment of the Laut tribe in Lingga Regency. This research is a qualitative descriptive study with a normative juridical and empirical juridical approach. Primary data or materials in this study were obtained directly from informants through field research. The types of data used are library research, interviews, and focus group discussions. The data were analyzed using the Miles and Huberman models, namely by data reduction, tabulation of data, presentation of data, and concluding. The results in empowering the marine tribal community required local regulations to improve the community's welfare in various aspects of life. The empowerment of the Lingga marine tribe can be painted by involving collaboration between the government, the private sector, and the community.


Download data is not yet available.


Arana Landin, S. (2020). Social economy as the means to help achieve the targets of sustainable development goal 14. Sustainability, 12(11), 4529.

Atabaki, M. S., & Aryanpur, V. (2018). Multi-objective optimization for sustainable development of the power sector: An economic, environmental, and social analysis of Iran. Energy, 161, 493-507.

Azhari, I., Tanjung, I. L., & Sihite, O. (2020, April). Sampan Kajang: the orang laut’s maritime cultural heritage in the East Coast of Sumatra. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 452, No. 1, p. 012069). IOP Publishing.

Baumgartner, R. J. (2019). Sustainable development goals and the forest sector—A complex relationship. Forests, 10(2), 152.

Cross, F. B. (1999). The relevance of law in human rights protection. International Review of Law and Economics, 19(1), 87-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0144-8188(98)00028-3

Elwell, T. L., López-Carr, D., Gelcich, S., & Gaines, S. D. (2020). The importance of cultural ecosystem services in natural resource-dependent communities: Implications for management. Ecosystem Services, 44, 101123.

Entress, R. M., & Anderson, K. M. (2020). The Politics of Health Care: Health Disparities, the Affordable Care Act, and Solutions for Success. Social Work in Public Health, 35(4), 152-162.

Fallucchi, F., & Quercia, S. (2018). Affirmative action and retaliation in experimental contests. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 156, 23-40.

Fleischmann, A., & Burgmer, P. (2020). Abstract thinking increases support for affirmative action. Sex Roles, 82(7), 493-511.

Fraser, E. D., Dougill, A. J., Mabee, W. E., Reed, M., & McAlpine, P. (2006). Bottom up and top down: Analysis of participatory processes for sustainability indicator identification as a pathway to community empowerment and sustainable environmental management. Journal of environmental management, 78(2), 114-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.04.009

Greenfield, P. M. (2018). Studying social change, culture, and human development: A theoretical framework and methodological guidelines. Developmental Review, 50, 16-30.

Hadpagdee, S., Choutikavatchagul, S., Mason, C., Aranyawat, S., Hngokchai, P. W., Singtong, P. K., & Ruangsan, N. (2021). Political participation instruction for monk and novice students in Thailand. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S3), 161-172. https://doi.org/10.21744/lingcure.v5nS3.1453

HamzehnejadA, N., ArzaniB, H., BagheriC, R., & JavadiD, S. A. (2020). Prioritization of Rangeland Species Functions with Emphasis on Indigenous Knowledge of Range Holders (Case study: Titoeieh Area in Baft Township, Kerman, Iran). Journal of Rangeland Science, 10(4), 370. http://www.rangeland.ir/article_672921_88e399b497f2688517134fdd1d46c056.pdf

Hayati, I., Hartana, A., & Djuita, N. R. (2019). Modeling climatic suitable areas for kedondong (Spondias dulcis) cultivation in central part of Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 20(12).

Helms, R. (2009). Modeling the politics of punishment: A conceptual and empirical analysis of ‘law in action’in criminal sentencing. Journal of Criminal Justice, 37(1), 10-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2008.12.004

Holcombe, S., & Kemp, D. (2019). Indigenous peoples and mine automation: An issues paper. Resources Policy, 63, 101420.

Hossain, M., Asadullah, M. N., & Kambhampati, U. (2019). Empowerment and life satisfaction: Evidence from Bangladesh. World Development, 122, 170-183.

Huang, W. P., Hsu, J. C., Chen, C. S., & Ye, C. J. (2018). The Study of the Coastal Management Criteria Based on Risk Assessmeant: A Case Study on Yunlin Coast, Taiwan. Water, 10(8), 988.

Kojima, F. (2012). School choice: Impossibilities for affirmative action. Games and Economic Behavior, 75(2), 685-693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geb.2012.03.003

Licht, A. N., Goldschmidt, C., & Schwartz, S. H. (2005). Culture, law, and corporate governance. International review of law and economics, 25(2), 229-255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.irle.2005.06.005

Linnenluecke, M. K., & Griffiths, A. (2010). Corporate sustainability and organizational culture. Journal of world business, 45(4), 357-366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2009.08.006

Marín-González, F., Senior-Naveda, A., Castro, M. N., & González, A. I. (2021). Knowledge Network for Sustainable Local Development. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1124.

Martellucci, R., Pierattini, A., De Mendoza, F. P., Melchiorri, C., Piermattei, V., & Marcelli, M. (2018). Physical and biological water column observations during summer sea/land breeze winds in the coastal northern Tyrrhenian Sea. Water, 10(11), 1673.

Mauerhofer, V. (2019). An introduction and overview on law, politics and governance: Institutions, organizations and procedures for Ecological Economics. Ecological Economics, 165, 106396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.106396

Mayson, S. G. (2020). The Concept of Criminal Law. Criminal Law & Philosophy, 14(3).

McKenzie, L. J., Yoshida, R. L., Aini, J. W., Andréfouet, S., Colin, P. L., Cullen-Unsworth, L. C., ... & Unsworth, R. K. (2021). Seagrass ecosystem contributions to people's quality of life in the Pacific Island Countries and Territories. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 167, 112307.

Melissen, F., Koens, K., Brinkman, M., & Smit, B. (2016). Sustainable development in the accommodation sector: A social dilemma perspective. Tourism Management Perspectives, 20, 141-150.

Mensah, J. (2019). Sustainable development: Meaning, history, principles, pillars, and implications for human action: Literature review. Cogent Social Sciences, 5(1), 1653531.

Moro, A., & Norman, P. (2003). Affirmative action in a competitive economy. Journal of Public Economics, 87(3-4), 567-594. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0047-2727(01)00121-9

Negash, F. (2021). Socioeconomic and Ecological Transitions of Pastoral System in Semi-arid Areas of Rift Valley, Fentale District, Ethiopia. Journal of Rangeland Science, 11(4), 431-445.

Newton, M. J., Farrelly, T. A., & Sinner, J. (2020). Discourse, agency, and social license to operate in New Zealand's marine economy.

Nimit, K. (2021). Ideas and perspectives: Ushering the Indian Ocean into the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (UNDOSSD) through marine ecosystem research and operational services–an early career's take. Biogeosciences, 18(12), 3631-3635.

Nugraha, D. Y., Sudirman, M. I., Rudianto, R., Ferdiansyah, D., Ismail, I., Yani, A., Utami, C., Hajid, M. K., & Syawal, M. P. (2020). Increasing prosocial behavior through caring scout activities. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 6(5), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.21744/ijllc.v6n5.959

Parsons, M., Taylor, L., & Crease, R. (2021). Indigenous Environmental Justice within Marine Ecosystems: A Systematic Review of the Literature on Indigenous Peoples’ Involvement in Marine Governance and Management. Sustainability, 13(8), 4217.

Putrayasa, I. B. (2017). The semantic study of languages politics. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 3(2), 7-13. Retrieved from https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/199

Putri, H., & Salim, W. (2020). The Maritime Silk Road's potential effects on outer island development: The Natuna Islands, Indonesia. Island Studies Journal, 15(2).

Qamariah, N., Mulia, D. S., & Fakhrizal, D. (2020). Indigenous Knowledge of Medicinal Plants by Dayak Community in Mandomai Village, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Pharmacognosy Journal, 12(2).

Ramadani, S., Danil, E., Sabri, F., & Zurnetti, A. (2021). Criminal law politics on regulation of criminal actions in Indonesia. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S1), 1373-1380. https://doi.org/10.21744/lingcure.v5nS1.1651

Reineman, D. R., Koenig, K., Strong-Cvetich, N., & Kittinger, J. N. (2021). Conservation Opportunities Arise From the Co-Occurrence of Surfing and Key Biodiversity Areas. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, 253.

Rinartha, K., Suryasa, W., & Kartika, L. G. S. (2018). Comparative Analysis of String Similarity on Dynamic Query Suggestions. In 2018 Electrical Power, Electronics, Communications, Controls and Informatics Seminar (EECCIS) (pp. 399-404). IEEE.

Ristroph, A. (2020). Criminal law as public ordering. University of Toronto Law Journal, 70(supplement 1), 64-83.

Shen, W., Hu, Q., Yu, X., & Imwa, B. T. (2020). Does Coastal Local Government Competition Increase Coastal Water Pollution? Evidence from China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(18), 6862.

Sianipar, C. P. M., Yudoko, G., Adhiutama, A., & Dowaki, K. (2013). Community empowerment through appropriate technology: Sustaining the sustainable development. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 17, 1007-1016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2013.02.120

Sijtsma, F. J., Mehnen, N., Angelstam, P., & Muñoz-Rojas, J. (2019). Multi-scale mapping of cultural ecosystem services in a socio-ecological landscape: A case study of the international Wadden Sea Region. Landscape ecology, 34(7), 1751-1768.

Škerlavaj, M., Štemberger, M. I., & Dimovski, V. (2007). Organizational learning culture—the missing link between business process change and organizational performance. International journal of production economics, 106(2), 346-367. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2006.07.009

Sofo, F., & Wicks, A. (2017). An occupational perspective of poverty and poverty reduction. Journal of Occupational Science, 24(2), 244-249.

Srinivas, P. N., Seshadri, T., Velho, N., Babu, G. R., Madegowda, C., Basappa, Y. C., ... & Marchal, B. (2019). Towards Health Equity and Transformative Action on tribal health (THETA) study to describe, explain and act on tribal health inequities in India: A health systems research study protocol. Wellcome Open Research, 4.

Sulistijo, E. D., Subagyo, I., Chuzaemi, S., & Sudarwati, H. (2021). Assessment of Forage Production and Its nutritional Values for Local Cattle Farming in Rangelands of Kupang Regency Indonesia. Journal of Rangeland Science, 11(4), 457-469.

Supeni, S., Nurati, D. E., & Sufa, F. F. Jumintono. (2019). Character education development model based on regional culture. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, 11(5), 673-683.

Tanwete, C. S., & Kombinda, N. (2020). Object of study and linguistic subdisciplinary. Macrolinguistics and Microlinguistics, 1(1), 23–36. Retrieved from https://mami.nyc/index.php/journal/article/view/3

Tingey, L., Larzelere, F., Goklish, N., Rosenstock, S., Jennings Mayo-Wilson, L., Pablo, E., ... & Barlow, A. (2020). Entrepreneurial, economic, and social well-being outcomes from an RCT of a youth entrepreneurship education intervention among Native American adolescents. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(7), 2383.

Warikoo, N., & Allen, U. (2020). A solution to multiple problems: the origins of affirmative action in higher education around the world. Studies in Higher Education, 45(12), 2398-2412.

Zhang, R., Ai, B., & Gu, F. (2019). Ecological responses to the coastal exploitation of urban agglomerations along the Pearl River Estuary. Environmental Research Letters, 14(12), 124008.

Zilis, M. A. (2020). How Identity Politics Polarizes Rule of Law Opinions. Political Behavior, 1-21.



How to Cite

Adhayanto, O., & Shalihah, F. (2021). Politics of law affirmative action on empowerment of laut tribes in Lingga regency. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S3), 1090-1098. https://doi.org/10.21744/lingcure.v5nS3.1669



Research Articles