Gender inequality in Assam

factors affecting women’s political participation in electoral politics


  • Mabrur Ahmed Research Scholar, Department of Political Science & Public Administration, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India
  • R. Moorthy Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science & Public Administration, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India


Assam, elections, factors, inequality, political participation, women


Democracy may be seen as a critical component of human development in its broadest sense. It is a need for human advancement. Democracy contributes to the achievement of the broader objectives of society’s growth. In a democratic society, everyone, including men and women, is encouraged to take an active role in the free and fair election of their representatives. Everyone in the world benefits from democracy because it ensures that everyone has the same opportunities for success, equal rights, and the opportunity to participate in government activities, as well as a society that is free from prejudice. Contrast to this fundamental concept of democracy, women are more obviously barred from participation in politics and from many aspects of everyday life in a nation like India. Women in India are dissatisfied with national, state, and even municipal politics, despite the fact that over half of the country’s women are still barred from participating in policy and decision-making. Similarly, Assam, India’s north-eastern state, is not an exception in this respect. Accordingly, in this article an attempt has been made here to explore the extent of participation of women in political activities as well as the factors influencing participating of women in politics.


Download data is not yet available.


Aguinaga, M., Lang, M., Mokrani, D., & Santillana, A. (2013). Development critiques and alternatives: a feminist perspective. Beyond Development: Alternative Visions from Latin America, Permanent Working Group on Alternatives to Development, 41-59.

Baker, D. G. (Ed.). (1983). Race, ethnicity, and power: A comparative study. Routledge.

Baruah, S. L. (2012). A comprehensive history of Assam.

Bashevkin, S. B. (1985). Political participation, ambition and feminism: Women in the Ontario party elites. American Review of Canadian Studies, 15(4), 405-419.

Bathla, N., Walia, S., Khanna, T., Verma, R., International Center for Research on Women, & Women, U. N. (2012). Opportunities and Challenges of Women's Political Participation in India. A Synthesis of Research Findings from Select Districts in India. International Center for Research on Women (ICRW).

Beauregard, K. (2014). Gender, political participation and electoral systems: A cross?national analysis. European Journal of Political Research, 53(3), 617-634.

Bhalotra, S. R., Clots-Figueras, I., & Iyer, L. (2013). Path-breakers: how does women's political participation respond to electoral success?.

Bhattacharjee, B. Political Participation and Women: A Study of Assam. Journal of Xi'an University of Architecture & Technology, 12, 652.

Boopathy, R. (2000). Factors limiting bioremediation technologies. Bioresource technology, 74(1), 63-67.

Burger, H. G. (2002). Androgen production in women. Fertility and sterility, 77, 3-5.

Burrell, B. C. (2004). Women and Political Participation: A reference handbook. Abc-clio.

Chafetz, J. S. (Ed.). (2006). Handbook of the Sociology of Gender. Springer Science & Business Media.

Cornwall, A., & Goetz, A. M. (2005). Democratizing democracy: Feminist perspectives. Democratisation, 12(5), 783-800.

Cowell, F. A. (2000). Measurement of inequality. Handbook of income distribution, 1, 87-166.

Das, I. (2013). Status of women: North Eastern region of India versus India. International journal of scientific and research publications, 3(1), 1-8.

Ghani, E., Kerr, W. R., & O'Connell, S. D. (2013). Promoting women's economic participation in India.

Goswami, U., Sarma, J. N., & Patgiri, A. D. (1999). River channel changes of the Subansiri in Assam, India. Geomorphology, 30(3), 227-244.

Hadpagdee, S., Choutikavatchagul, S., Mason, C., Aranyawat, S., Hngokchai, P. W., Singtong, P. K., & Ruangsan, N. (2021). Political participation instruction for monk and novice students in Thailand. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S3), 161-172.

Hyun, K. D., & Kim, J. (2015). Differential and interactive influences on political participation by different types of news activities and political conversation through social media. Computers in Human Behavior, 45, 328-334.

Iwanaga, K. (Ed.). (2008). Women's political participation and representation in Asia: Obstacles and challenges (No. 2). NIAS Press.

Lestari, S. E. (2021). Protection of constitutional rights against Indonesian women workers. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S1), 710-725.

McClosky, H., & Brill, A. (1983). The dimensions of tolerance: What Americans believe about civil liberties. Russell Sage Foundation.

Nagaraja, B. (2013). Empowerment of women in India: A critical analysis. Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 9(2), 45-52.

Nawi, R., Natsir, M., & Umar, Z. (2021). Government policy implementation of tana toraja about abattoir retribution in tana toraja district. International Journal of Life Sciences, 5(2), 66-75.

Neudecker, H. (1992). A matrix trace inequality. Journal of mathematical analysis and applications, 166(1), 302-303.

Rae Atkeson, L., & Rapoport, R. B. (2003). The more things change the more they stay the same: Examining gender differences in political attitude expression, 1952–2000. Public opinion quarterly, 67(4), 495-521.

Rai, P. (2011). Electoral participation of women in India: Key determinants and barriers. Economic and political weekly, 47-55.

Rai, S. (2005). Women and the State in the Third World (pp. 38-52). Routledge.

Rinartha, K., Suryasa, W., & Kartika, L. G. S. (2018). Comparative Analysis of String Similarity on Dynamic Query Suggestions. In 2018 Electrical Power, Electronics, Communications, Controls and Informatics Seminar (EECCIS) (pp. 399-404). IEEE.

Saelens, B. E., & Epstein, L. H. (1996). Reinforcing value of food in obese and non-obese women. Appetite, 27(1), 41-50.

Saikia, N. J., Bharali, D. J., Sengupta, P., Bordoloi, D., Goswamee, R. L., Saikia, P. C., & Borthakur, P. C. (2003). Characterization, beneficiation and utilization of a kaolinite clay from Assam, India. Applied clay science, 24(1-2), 93-103.

Saxena, K. S. (1999). Women's political participation in India. Sublime Publications.

Schlozman, K. L., Verba, S., & Brady, H. E. (2012). The unheavenly chorus. Princeton University Press.

Shettar, D., & Rajeshwari, M. (2015). A study on issues and challenges of women empowerment in India.

Singh, P., & Gupta, S. (2013). A conceptual study on women empowerment-Facts and realities. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 11(4), 54-63.

Solórzano, D. A. N., & Zambrano, S. V. P. (2020). The activities of rural women in home economy. International Journal of Life Sciences, 4(2), 1-8.

Stockemer, D. (2007). Why are there differences in the political representation of women in the 27 countries of the European Union?. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 8(4), 476-493.

Uslaner, E. M., & Conway, M. M. (1985). The responsible congressional electorate: Watergate, the economy, and vote choice in 1974. American Political Science Review, 79(3), 788-803.

Vecchione, M., & Caprara, G. V. (2009). Personality determinants of political participation: The contribution of traits and self-efficacy beliefs. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(4), 487-492.

Wang, W., Rothschild, D., Goel, S., & Gelman, A. (2015). Forecasting elections with non-representative polls. International Journal of Forecasting, 31(3), 980-991.

Zani, B., & Barrett, M. (2012). Engaged citizens? Political participation and social engagement among youth, women, minorities, and migrants. Human affairs, 22(3), 273-282.



How to Cite

Ahmed, M., & Moorthy, R. (2021). Gender inequality in Assam: factors affecting women’s political participation in electoral politics. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S2), 922-933.



Research Articles