Strategies to grow a proud attitude towards Indonesian cultural diversity



cultural diversity, Indonesian culture, national culture


Indonesia has a diversity of cultures from all over the archipelago. Every citizen must play an active role in maintaining and preserving national identity. The purpose of this study is to conduct a literature review on strategies to foster a proud attitude towards Indonesia’s cultural diversity. The research method uses a literature review with an exploratory approach so that different perspectives can be explained. Data were collected through literature studies related to the topic of cultural diversity through relevant books and journals. The conclusion is that cultural diversity attracts other nations to visit Indonesia so that it becomes the nation’s superior and strength. Forms of cultural diversity and forms of cultural love can grow and strengthen national values. These include folk songs, regional dances, traditional musical instruments, as well as various other local wisdom. 


Download data is not yet available.


Ashraf, B. N. (2021). Stock markets’ reaction to COVID-19: Moderating role of national culture. Finance Research Letters, 41, 101857.

Farlam, P. (2008). Freedom of religion, belief and opinion. Constitutional Law of South Africa 2nd ed (Juta Cape Town 2008), 41-1.

Forehand, R., & Kotchick, B. A. (1996). Cultural diversity: A wake-up call for parent training. Behavior therapy, 27(2), 187-206.

Geiger, M. A., O’Connell, B. T., Clikeman, P. M., Ochoa, E., Witkowski, K., & Basioudis, I. (2006). Perceptions of earnings management: The effects of national culture. Advances in International Accounting, 19, 175-199.

Hinduan, Z. R., Anggraeni, A., & Agia, M. I. (2020). Generation Z in Indonesia: The self-driven digital. In The New Generation Z in Asia: Dynamics, Differences, Digitalisation. Emerald Publishing Limited.

Ismail, T., Wiyantoro, L. S., & Muchlish, M. (2012). Strategy, interactive control system and national culture: a case study of Batik Industry in Indonesia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 65, 33-38.

Isra, S., & Tegnan, H. (2021). Legal syncretism or the theory of unity in diversity as an alternative to legal pluralism in Indonesia. International Journal of Law and Management.

Koentjaraningrat. (1980). Manusia dan Kebudayaan Indonesia. Jakarta: Djambatan.

Koentjaraningrat. (2015). Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi, Sejarah Teori Antropologi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Liu, S. ., & Alley, F. . (2019). Learning from the historical culture of American people for the current society. Linguistics and Culture Review, 3(1), 32-47.

Logli, C. (2015). Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (United in Diversity): Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Religion in Indonesian Higher Education (Doctoral dissertation, [Honolulu]:[University of Hawaii at Manoa],[May 2015]).

Martin, N. (2017). Bahasa gado-gado in Indonesian popular texts: Expanding indonesian identities through code-switching with English. The University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Mayasari, T. (2021). Etnosains dan Peranannya Dalam Menguatkan Karakter Bangsa. Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Fisika Program Studi Fisika, FKIP, Universitas PGRI Madiun.

Nederveen Pieterse, A., Van Knippenberg, D., & Van Dierendonck, D. (2013). Cultural diversity and team performance: The role of team member goal orientation. Academy of management journal, 56(3), 782-804.

Parlindungan, F., Rifai, I., & Safriani, A. (2018). The representation of Indonesian cultural diversity in middle school English textbooks. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 8(2), 289-302.

Pratono, A. H., & Sutanti, A. (2016). The ecosystem of social enterprise: Social culture, legal framework, and policy review in Indonesia. Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(3), 106-112.

Rianti, A., Novenia, A. E., Christopher, A., Lestari, D., & Parassih, E. K. (2018). Ketupat as traditional food of Indonesian culture. Journal of Ethnic Foods, 5(1), 4-9.

Setiawan, A. D. (2020). The influence of national culture on responsible innovation: A case of CO2 utilisation in Indonesia. Technology in Society, 62, 101306.

Seymen, O. A. (2006). The cultural diversity phenomenon in organisations and different approaches for effective cultural diversity management: a literary review. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal.

Smith, V. ., Florence, K. ., & Maria, F. . (2018). Semantics in cultural perspective overview. Linguistics and Culture Review, 2(1), 24-31.

Sudarwan, M., & Fogarty, T. J. (1996). Culture and accounting in Indonesia: an empirical examination. The International Journal of Accounting, 31(4), 463-481.

Teng, H. M. B. A. (2017). Filsafat kebudayaan dan sastra (dalam perspektif sejarah). Jurnal ilmu budaya.

Varsakelis, N. C. (2001). The impact of patent protection, economy openness and national culture on R&D investment: a cross-country empirical investigation. Research policy, 30(7), 1059-1068.

Verkuyten, M., & Yogeeswaran, K. (2020). Cultural diversity and its implications for intergroup relations. Current opinion in psychology, 32, 1-5.

Wijaya, S. (2019). Indonesian food culture mapping: a starter contribution to promote Indonesian culinary tourism. Journal of Ethnic Foods, 6(1), 1-10.

Yudhistira, B., & Fatmawati, A. (2020). Diversity of Indonesian soto. Journal of Ethnic Foods, 7(1), 1-9.

Yunus, R. (2014). Nilai-nilai kearifan lokal (local genius) sebagai penguat karakter bangsa: Studi empiris tentang Huyula. Yogyakarta: Deepublish.



How to Cite

Fatmawati, E. (2021). Strategies to grow a proud attitude towards Indonesian cultural diversity. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S1), 810-820.



Research Articles