Linguistics and Culture Review <p>Linguistics and Culture Review is published by&nbsp;American Linguist Association.</p> American Linguist Association en-US Linguistics and Culture Review 2690-103X Political language variation: stylistic based study <p>This study aimed at finding out the figures of speech used by the government in the political language variation and the purposes to which they serve. On the basis of the data analysis, it was found that there are sixteen types of figures of speech contained in the political language variation, for example, euphemism, repetition, parallelism, personification, parable, anticlimax, sarcasm, trope, hyperbole, pleonasm, climax, antithesis, synecdoche, anaphor, allusion, and metonymy. The purposes of their uses are to vary sentences, to show respect, to express something in a polite manner, and to give an emphasis or stress meanings. The suggestion made in relation to the uses of the figures of speech in political language variation is for the authority (government) to use words or phrases that are simple to make it easy for the people to understand.</p> Ida Bagus Putrayasa Copyright (c) 2021 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-01-12 2021-01-12 5 1 1 9 10.37028/lingcure.v5n1.45 Politicizing flight in Edward Albee’s seascape <p>In recent years, scholars and critics have become increasingly interested in the view that art is a means to escape from the existent reality and the difficulties of modern civilization. Many writers emphasized in their literary works the need to be emancipated from the restrictions of modern society and underlined the idea that flight is the ultimate way to avoid the complexities of contemporary life. Edward Albee, for example, addressed the issue of flight in his drama, particularly the sociopolitical and artistic scopes of escape. In his <em>Seascape</em>, Albee presents a multifaceted perception of flight juxtaposing the social with the literary and the political with the artistic. In the postmodern political thought too, there is a similar tendency that valorizes the struggle for the liberation of the individual from all forms of repression and domination exerted by sociopolitical forces. Gilles Deleuze &amp; Félix Guattari (2005), for instance, criticize the constraints and rules that power authorities use to control the individual and call instead for freeing humans from all authoritarian policies. This paper, then, seeks to examine Albee’s staging of flight from the Deleuzo-Guattarian perspective in an attempt to elucidate his complex yet refined dramatization of escape in his play <em>Seascape</em>.</p> Zied Khamari Copyright (c) 2021 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 5 1 10 19 10.37028/lingcure.v5n1.150 Balinese verbs related to water : metalanguage approach <p>This article aims at displaying the way how to map the meaning of Balinese verbs related to water. The data are oral and written forms collected by observation, interview, and taking-note. The oral language was collected from the key-informant in three villages within two regencies in Bali, namely Klungkung and Buleleng. The written data was observed from the 4 novels using the modern Balinese language. The collected data was furthermore analyzed by the Metalanguage approach which manages to map all the meaning in the form of language description. Metalanguage approach based upon <em>entity, process, instrument, </em>and<em> result</em> is able to detect the subtle meaning difference among the verbs having a similar semantic field. From the scale of time-stability, the result shows that the mapping of action verbs: <em>anyud, ngelangi, mandus, silem, mambuh</em> imply the time reference change rapidly. The mapping of process verbs: <em> aad, tiis, éncéh, </em>and<em> beku</em> carry the time reference is less stable. The mapping of state verbs: <em> bedak, belus, </em>and<em> tuduh</em> is considered to imply the time reference is very stable.</p> I Nengah Sudipa I Nyoman Weda Kusuma Made Henra Dwikarmawan Sudipa Komang Dian Puspita Candra Copyright (c) 2021 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 5 1 20 30 10.37028/lingcure.v5n1.81 The linguistic impact of coronavirus on online service offers in Spain as well as France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and the UK <p>Service offers from online platforms in Spain, Germany, Italy, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, and the UK since the COVID-19-related lockdowns in March 2020 are analyzed and related to classical pragmatic nomenclatures. As a result, COVID-19-related lexemes are used particularly in Spain, hardly in the Netherlands, and to a medium degree in Germany, France, Italy, and the UK. Often, such phrases are expressive/phatic, occasionally with an appeal to pity, just to promote positive connotations, not adding anything to the nature of the service. COVID-related lexemes are used, albeit rarely, to say that there is something positive in the crisis. More frequently, these lexemes are employed, in Spain, Germany, and Italy, to explain the motivation for the service offer. In all countries, the lexemes are (semantically superfluously?) used to say that the service offered is free from danger (sometimes being pseudo-assertive). In Spain, covid-lexemes are very typically used to show that the service supplier is free from danger (even in headlines and first sentences), in various kinds of wordings, which mostly do not support the pretended message from a strictly medical point of view: beyond classical terminology, such cases could be termed <em>jargon-related conventional pseudo-implications</em>.</p> Joachim Grzega Copyright (c) 2021 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-02-20 2021-02-20 5 1 31 42 10.37028/lingcure.v5n1.82 The role of extralinguistic factors in interlingual relations and theoretical issues of interference <p>The article is devoted to the theoretical issues of interference that arise from interlingual relations. As interlingual relations are becoming more prominent in the sociocultural context of the modern globalized world, research on this topic is particularly relevant. This type of research is also relevant because it reflects not only the linguistic point of view, but also many aspects of sociolinguistics. The linguistic, and sociolinguistic interpretation of issues such as interference, bilingualism and diglossia in the research conducted in the framework of the article determines the scientific novelty of the research. The problems of bilingualism and diglossia are of particular importance in modern linguistics. The history of bilingualism goes back to early times of language policy but cannot be traced back to the pre-state period. In fact, language policy and the establishment of the state is crucial for the development of bilingualism as it arises first after the establishment of the state and a single language. In these pre-historical times, we can see it as the language of only one of the tribes received official status, and the remaining tribes being forced to learn the dominant language. Other high-ranking tribes became bilingual by learning the language of the ruling tribe.</p> Kamala Avadir Jafarova Copyright (c) 2021 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-02-28 2021-02-28 5 1 43 52 10.37028/lingcure.v5n1.415 Bilingualism and its importance in human life <p>This article contains bilingualism and its importance in human life, as well as the benefits of bilingualism for children, skills and recommendations for identifying their ability to be bilingual, or to develop their language skills. Thus, children have the ability to accept external stimuli, creating them to form their own thoughts in order to recognize similar sounds which together form words and phrases that allow them to easily express thoughts and feelings over the years<em>.</em></p> Jamila Sharipovna Djumabaeva Mavluda Yuldashbayevna Kengboyeva Copyright (c) 2021 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-02-26 2021-02-26 5 1 53 63 10.37028/lingcure.v5n1.451 Semantic and functional features of lexical units in the field of architecture and construction in English and Uzbek <p>This article is dedicated to the study of one of the historically and more slowly folded boards of modern lexicon and terminology of architecture, which plays a special role in the life of society, both ancient and modern. The architectural term system is also investigated, namely: the processes of deformation, transformation, and the specifics of functioning in the language of poetic texts, i.e. outside the scope of the scientific context. The architectural lexicon is an independent segment in the naive scientific picture of people, speakers of the language, and therefore it is of interest to both linguists and non-specialists in the philological sphere.</p> Mukhayyo Muydinjanovna Kambarova Copyright (c) 2021 Linguistics and Culture Review 2021-02-28 2021-02-28 5 1 64 74 10.37028/lingcure.v5n1.503